Echinocereus Online

by Martina, Andreas & Alexander Ohr

Echinocereus reichenbachii – Echinocereus zuniensis

Echinocereus reichenbachii (Terscheck ex Walpers) Haage Jr. ex Britton & Rose 1922:25.
= Echinocactus reichenbachii Terscheck ex Walpers 1843:320
(Terscheck Verzeichnis 2. According to Schumann 1897:452).
TL: Mexico.
Synonyms:
Echinocereus pectinatus var. reichenbachii (Terscheck ex Walpers) Werdermann 1930:t5.
Echinocereus caespitosus var. reichenbachii* Ters. ex Borg 1937:174 nom. illegit.
Note: Since Terscheck’s Original publication has not been found there is confusion
concerning whether the two names Echinocactus reichenbachii and Echinocactus 
               reichenbachianus refer to the same plant. The name  Echinocereus reichenbachii is usually
applied to Echinocereus caespitosus although this is uncertain since the original description
of Echinocactus reichenbachii did not have a description of the plant’s flower, and no
collector or exact type locality is listed. Benson (1982:946) designated Palmer 511, near
Saltillo, Mexico, 10 April 1905 (US 570013) as the neotype. Unless someone is able to
locate a copy of Terscheck’s original publication questions will remain concerning the
proper use of this name.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albertii Benson 1969d:127.
TL: Texas, Jim Wells Co., near Alice, Benson 16,550 (POM
317080).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. fitchii fa. albertii* Parker 1996:5 nom. nud.
Echinocereus fitchii var. albertii* Mesa Garden Seed Catalog1996 nom. nud.
      Echinocereus fitchii ssp. alberti (Benson) Blum & Lange in Blum et al. 1998:313.
Note: Echinocereusmelanocentrus* Lowry 1936:20 is usually considered a synonym
of this variety.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albiflorus* Seela 1940:92 nom. nud.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. albispinus (Lahman) Benson1969d:127
= Echinocereus albispinus Lahman 1935:143.
Note: Benson uses this name instead of Echinocereus baileyi.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. anigosanthus* Ito 1981. nom. nud.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. armatus (Poselger) Taylor 1985b:133
= Echinocereus pectinatus var. armatus.
Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. armatus (Poselger) Taylor 1997:9
Echinocereus pectinatus var. armatus.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. aureiflorus* Seela 1940:92 nom. nud.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. baileyi (Rose) Taylor 1985b:133
= Echinocereus baileyi.
Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. baileyi (Rose) Taylor 1997:9
  = Echinocereus baileyi.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. baileyi fa. albispinus* Mesa Garden Seed Catalog 1996 nom. nud. 
    = Echinocereus albuspinus.
Echinocereus reichenbachii  subsp. burrensis G.Frank , Metorn & E.Scherer 2000,
Echinocereenfreund 13(3): 77 (63-77; figs.).
TL: Serranias del Burro, Coahuila, MX; G. R. W. Frank 042 (ZSS)
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. caespitosus* Mesa Garden Seed Catalog 1996 nom. nud.
Echinocereus reichenbachii fa. caespitosus* Parker 1996:5 nom. nud. 
  = Echinocereus caespitosus.
Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. caespitosus* Blum & Lange in Blum et al.1998:324.
  = Echinocereus caespitosus.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. chisoensis (Marshall) Benson 1969d:127
= Echinocereus chisoensis.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. fitchii (Britton & Rose) Benson 1969d:127
= Echinocereus fitchii.
Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. fitchii (Britton & Rose) Taylor 1997:9.
= Echinocereus fitchii.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. fitchii fa. albertii* Parker 1996:5 nom. nud.
= Echinocereus reichenbachii
var. albertii
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. fitchii fa. melanocentrus* Parker 1996:5 nom. nud.
= Echinocereus melanocentrus*

Echinocereus reichenbachii fa. pailanus* Parker 1996:5 nom. nud.
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. perbellus (Britton & Rose) Benson
1969d:127 = Echinocereus perbellus.
Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. perbellus* Blum 1997 Seed List nom. nud.
= Echinocereus perbellus.

Echinocereus reichenbachii var. purpureus* Parker 1996:5 nom. nud. 
  = Echinocereus purpureus.
*Echinocereus reichii (from Chile and therefor not an Echinocereus).
Echinocereus rigidispinus* Engelmann ex Haage 1859:20 nom. nud.
Echinocereus rigidissimus Hort. ex F. A. Haage 1897:13.
  = Echinocereus pectinatus var. rigidissimus.
Echinocereus rigidissimus* Rose 1909a:293 nom. illegit.(later homonym)
    = Echinocereus pectinatus var. rigidissimus.
Echinocereus rigidissimus var. rubispinus (Frank & Lau) Taylor 1984:175
    = Echinocereus pectinatus var. rubispinus Frank & Lau 1982:32-35.
Echinocereus rigidissimus ssp. rubispinus (Frank & Lau) Taylor 1997:9.
    = Echinocereus pectinatus var. rubrispinus.
Echinocereus ritteri* Haage 1958:182 nom. nud.[A form of Echinocereus pentalophus]
Echinocereus robustior* Britton & Rose 1922:28 pro syn.
  = Echinocereus pectinatus var. rigidissimus.
Echinocereus robustus (Peebles) Peebles 1940:219.
= Echinocereus rectispinus var. robustus Peebles 1938:675.
TL: Arizona, Pima Co. Between Tucson & Sabino Canyon, Peebles SF896, 27 Aug 1935
(US 1729267).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus fendleri var. robustus* Benson 1944:259 nom. illegit. (later homonym).
Echinocereus fasciculatusfa. robustus* Parker 1996:2  nom. nud. 
Note: This plant is usually treated as a synonym of Echinocereus fasciculatus.
Echinocereus roemeri* Lemaire 1868:56 nom. nud.
Echinocereus roemeri (Engelmann) Engelmann ex Haage 1859:20.
= Cereus roemeri Engelmann 1849:50. [not Mühlenpfordt].
TL: Texas, granitic region of the Llano. Lindheimer, 1847 (MO).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus coccineus fa. roemeri* Parker 1996:4 nom. nud.
Echinocereus coccineus ssp. roemeri Blum, Lange & Rutow in Blum et al.1998:433.
Note: Usually listed as Echinocereus roemeri Engelmann ex Rümpler 1885:792.
Echinocereus roemeri*(Mühlenpfordt) Rydberg 1906:146 nom. illeg. 
  (later homonym).
= Cereus roemeri Mühlenpfordt 1848:19. [not Engelmann].
TL: Northern Texas, Roemer (?).
Echinocereus roetteri (Engelmann) Engelmann ex Rümpler 1885:829-830.
= Cereus roetteri Engelmann 1856:345. [fuller description
Engelmann 1859:33, t. 41, fig. 3-5].

TL: Texas, stony hills near Frontera [El Paso], Wright, 1851 (MO).
Synonyms:
Cereus dasyacanthus var. minor* Engelmann 1856:278.
Echinocereus pectinatus var. minor (Engelmann) Benson 1968:125.
Echinocereus dasyacanthus fa. roetteri* Parker 1996:2 nom. nud.
Note: This plant is probably a natural hybrid.
Echinocereus roetteri var. lloydii (Britton & Rose) Backeberg 1960:2027
= Echinocereus lloydii.
Echinocereus roetteri var. neomexicanus ( J.M.Coult. ) A.D.Zimmerman,
Cacti Trans-Pecos 211. 2004 pro sp. hybr.
= Echinocereus pectinatus var. neomexicanus (J.M.Coult.) L.D.Benson 1944
Echinocereus roseanus* Backeberg 1960:2071 pro syn. 
  = Echinocereus rosei.
Echinocereus rosei Wooten & Standley 1915:457.
TL: New Mexico, Doña Ana Co., hills near Agricultural College
[Las Cruces], Standley 1235, 1907 (US 535093).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. rosei (Wooten & Standley) Marshall 1950:63.
Echinocereus roseanus* Backeberg 1960:2071 pro syn.
Echinocereus polyacanthus var. rosei* Weniger 1970:44  nom. inval.
Echinocereus coccineus fa. rosei* Blum 1990:13  nom. inval.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. neomexicanus fa. rosei* Blum  1990:12. pro syn.
Echinocereus coccineus var. neomexicanus fa. rosei* Parker 1996:4 nom. nud.
Echinocereus coccineus ssp. rosei Blum & Rutow in Blum  et al. 1998:426.
Note: This plant is often listed under the name Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. neomexicanus
            the type of which is probably a natural hybrid.
Echinocereus rosei var. jarillensis* Künzler Cat. nom. nud.
Echinocereus rotatus Linke 1858:85.
TL: South Texas.
Synonyms:
Echinocereus pectinatus var. rotatus (Linke) Linke ex Haage 1892:118.
Note: This name is usually consisdered a synonym of Echinocereus caespitosus.
Echinocereus rubescens Dams 1905:92 -93.
TL: unknown
Note: This species is often considered to be a synonym of Echinocereus dasyacanthus.
Echinocereus rufispinus Engelmann 1848a:104-105.
TL: Mexico, Chihuahua, Cosihuiriachi, Wislizenus, 1846 (MO).
Synonyms:
Cereus rufispinus (Engelmann)Engelmann 1849:50.
Cereus pectinatus fa. rufispinus (Engelmann) Voss 1894:378.
Echinocereus adustus var. schwarzii fa. rufispina* Parker 1996:6 nom. nud.
Note: Usually considered a synonym of Echinocereus adustus.
Echinocereus rungei Schumann 1895:124.
[This is a new name for Echinocereus texensis* Runge]
= Echinocereus texensis* Runge 1894:61. nom. illegit.(later homonym).
TL: Texas, Runge. (?).
Note: The plant is usually considered a synonym of Echinocereus papillosus.
Echinocereus runyonii Orcutt 1926:5.
TL: Texas, mouth of Rio Grande River, Orcutt 1048, 1924 (?).
Note: This plant is probably the same as Echinocereus  procumbens.
Echinocereus russanthus Weniger 1969:41-42.
TL: Texas, Brewster Co., Christmas Mtns., Weniger 712, (UNM).
Nomencatural synonyms:
Echinocereus chloranthus var. russanthus (Weniger) Lamb ex Rowley 1974:7.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. russanthus (Weniger) Leuck 1980:34.
Note: Echinocereus chloranthus var. vulpis-cauda* is probably a synonym of this species
Echinocereus russanthus var. cowperi* Hort. [HK 1287, from Cooks Range, Luna County,
New Mexico ]. = Echinocereus chloranthus  ssp. rhyolithensis 
Echinocereus russanthus var. fiehnii Trocha 1997:65-69.
TL: Mexico, Chihuahua, Cañon de Santa Clara, Sierra del Nido, Lau 1076
      (Universität Hamburg No. 1066)
Synonyms:
Echinocereus russanthus var. finnii* Köhres Catalog 1981. nom. nud.
Echinocereus finnii* Hort. ex Taylor 1985 101 pro syn.
Echinocereus fiehnii* Lau 1992:74
Echinocereus russanthus fa. finnii* Parker 1996:3 nom. nud. 
      Echinocereus russanthus ssp. fiehnii(Trocha)Blum & Lange in  Blum et al.1998:212.
Echinocereus russanthus ssp. fiehnii(Trocha)Blum & Lange in Blum et al.1998:212.
  = Echinocereus russanthus var. fiehnii.
Echinocereus russanthus var. finnii* Köhres Catalog 1981. nom. nud.
= Echinocereus russanthus var. fiehnii.
Echinocereus russanthus fa. finnii* Parker 1996:3 nom. nud.
= Echinocereus russanthus var. fiehnii.
Echinocereus russanthus ssp. milleri* Blum 1997 Seed List nom. nud. 
  = Echinocereus milleri
Echinocereus russanthus var. neocapillus* Mesa Garden Seed Catalog 1996 nom. nud.
    = Echinocereus chloranthus var. neocapillus.
Echinocereus russanthus var. vulpis-cauda* Köhres Catalog 1981 nom. nud.
= Echinocereus chloranthus var. vulpis-cauda*
Echinocereus russanthus fa. vulpis-cauda* Parker 1996:3 nom. nud. 
  = Echinocereus chloranthus var. vulpis-cauda*
Echinocereus russanthus var. weedinii* Mesa Garden Seed Catalog 1996 nom. nud. 
    = Echinocereus viridiflorus var. weedinii.
Echinocereus russanthus ssp. weedinii Leuck ex Blum & Lange in Blum et al. 1998:214-216.
    = Echinocereus viridiflorus var. weedinii.
Echinocereus salm-dyckianus Scheer 1856:291.
TL: Mexico, Chihuahua.
Synonyms:
Cereus salm-dyckianus (Scheer) Hemsley 1880:545.
Echinocereus scheeri var. salm-dyckianus* Anett ex Parker 1996:4 nom. nud.
Echinocereus salm-dyckianus ssp. bacanorensis Rischer & Trocha 1998:3-10.
TL: Mexico, Sonora, near Bacanora, Trocha AX18239 (ZSS).
Echinocereus salm-dyckianus var. gracilior* Haage 1900:161 nom. nud.
Echinocereus salm-dyckianus var. gracilior Hort. ex Schelle 1926:163.
TL: unknown
Echinocereus salm-dyckianus var. noctiflorusHeid 1944:27.
TL: Mexico, Chihuahua, Cerocauhui, R.T. Craig (CA 305550).
Echinocereus salm-dyckianus ssp. obscuriensis Blum 1994:79-83.
= Echinocereus scheeri var. obscuriensis.
Echinocereus salmianus Hort. ex Rümpler 1885:809.
TL: unknown
Synonyms:
Cereus salmianus (Hort. ex Rümpler) Weber in Bois 1894:279.
Echinocereus scheeri fa. salmianus* Parker 1996:4 nom. nud.
Echinocereus saltillensis* Mats. ex Haage 1900:161 nom. nud.
Echinocereus sanborgianus (Coulter) Schumann 1897:174.
= Cereus sanborgianus Coulter 1896:391.
TL: Mexico, Baja California, rocky table lands south of San
Borja, Gabb 9, 1867 (MO).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus brandegeei fa. sanborgianus* Parker 1996:1 nom. nud.
Note: Usually considered a synonym of Echinocereus brandegeei.
Echinocereus sandersii Orcutt 1926:5.
TL: California, Black Canyon, Providence Mtns.5000ft, Gibson & Sanders 1925 (?).
Note: Usually considered a synonym of Echinocereus mojavensis.
Echinocereus sangre de christo Schumann 1897:278.
TL: Mexico, Mexico, near Pachuca.
Echinocereus sanguineus Blanc 1890:58.
TL: unknown
Note: Probably a form of Echinocereus viridiflorus.
Echinocereus sanpedroensisRaudonat & Rischer 1995:88-97.
TL: Mexico, Sonora, Rancho San Pedro, Rischer, May 1995 (ZSS).
Note: Echinocereus subterraneus* Backeberg 1960:2012 is sometimes
listed as a synonym of this plant.
Echinocereus santaritensisBlum & Rutow in Blum et al.
1998:373-375.
TL: Airzona, Santa Rita Mountains, Rutow 52-56, 16 Apr. 1996 (UA).
Echinocereus sarissophorus Britton & Rose 1922:38-39.
TL: Mexico, Coahuila, near Saltillo, Palmer 100, Apr. 1898 (US).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus enneacanthus fa. sarissophorus* Parker 1996:2
nom. nud.
Echinocereus scheeri* Lemaire 1868:57 nom. nud.
      [Probably = Echinocereus scheeri Salm-Dyck ex Scheer].
Echinocereus scheeri (Salm-Dyck) Salm-Dyck ex Scheer 1856:291
= Cereus scheeri Salm-Dyck 1850:190-191.
TL: Mexico, Chihuahua, Potts (?).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus schlini* Britton & Rose 1922:43 pro syn.
Echinocereus scheeri var. australis* Taylor 1988:80 pro syn.
  = Echinocereus scheeri var. koehresianus.
Echinocereus scheeri var. compactus* Hort. ex Haage 1897:13 nom. nud.
Echinocereus scheeri var. gentryi (Clover) Taylor 1984:154
= Echinocereus gentryi.
Echinocereus scheeri ssp. gentryi (Clover) Taylor 1997:9
  = Echinocereus gentryi.
Echinocereus scheeri var. gentryi cultivar ‘Cucumis’ (Clover) Taylor 1984:155.
= Echinocereus cucumis.
Echinocereus scheeri var. gentryi fa. cucumis* Parker 1996:4  nom. nud.  = Ecinocereus cucumis.
Echinocereus scheeri var. gracilior Hildmann ex Schelle 1926:162.
TL: unknown
Echinocereus scheeri var. koehresianus Frank 1988:186-189.
TL: Mexico, Durango, between El Carrizo & Loberas, Lau 1143 (ZSS).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus koehresianus* Hort. ex Taylor 1988:80 pro syn.
Echinocereus koehresii* Hort. ex Taylor 1988:80 pro syn.
Echinocereus scheeri var. australis* Taylor 1988:80 pro syn.
Echinocereus ortegae ssp. koehresianus (Frank) Rischer & Frank 1996:93.
Echinocereus ortegae fa. koehresianus* Parker 1996:4 nom. nud.
Note: Taylor (1993) lists this variety as a synonym of Echinocereus ortegae.
Echinocereus scheeri var. major Rother 1905:175.
TL: unknown
Echinocereus scheeri var. minor Rother 1905:175.
TL: unknown
Echinocereus scheeri var. nigrispinus* Scheer 1856:291 nom. nud.
Echinocereus scheeri var. obscuriensis Lau 1989:34-36.
TL: Mexico, Chihuahua, Sierra Obscura, Lau 091 (ZSS).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus salm-dyckianus ssp. obscuriensis(Lau) Blum1994:79.
Echinocereus scheeri var. salm-dyckianus fa. obscuriensis* Parker 1996:4 nom. nud.
Echinocereus scheeri ssp. paridensis Rischer & Trocha 1998:58-65
TL:Mexico , Sinaloa, Near Parida,  Rischer 1992/312 (ZSS AX 18719)
Echinocereus scheeri ssp. polyacanthoides*  Momberger 1994:58.
nom. prov. (from Tomochic, Chihuahua, Mexico)
Echinocereus scheeri ( Salm-Dyck ) Scheer subsp. rischeri R.C.Römer 2004,
Echinocereenfreund 17(1): 8 (3-13; figs.). 2004
TL: Municipio Guachochi, Cumbres de Sinforosa, MX;  Werner Rischer WR 605 (UAT).
Echinocereus scheeri var. robustior Hort. ex Schelle 1926:162.
TL: unknown
Echinocereus scheeri var. salm-dyckianus* Anett ex Parker 1996:4  nom. nud.
= Echinocereus salm-dyckianus.
Echinocereus scheeri var. salm-dyckianus fa. obscuriensis* Parker 1996:4 nom. nud. 
    = Echinocereus scheeri var. obscuriensis.
Echinocereus scheeri fa. salmianus* Parker 1996:4 nom. nud. 
  = Echinocereus salmianius.
Echinocereus schereri Frank 1990a:154-159.
TL: Mexico, Durango,near Las Minas, Rio Nazas, Scherer 123 (ZSS).
Echinocereus schlechterdalii* Britton & Rose 1922:302
error for Echinocactus schlechtendalii.
Echinocereus schlini* Britton & Rose 1922:43 pro syn.
  = Echinocereus scheeri.
Echinocereus schmollii (Weingart) Taylor 1985b:140.
= Cereus schmollii Weingart 1931:251-252.
TL: Mexico, Queretero, F. Schmoll (?).
Synonyms:
Wilcoxia schmollii (Weingart) Backeberg 1935, Blätter für Kakteenforschung. 2(11):93.
Note: Wilcoxia nerispina* Backeberg 1960:2078 nom. invalid. is usually considered a
synonym of this species.
Wilcoxia schmollii var. lanata* Cartier 1980, Succulentes 2(4):8 nom. inval.
Echinocereus schmollii fa. nerispina* Parker 1991:6 nom. nud. 
  = Wilcoxia nerispina*
Echinocereus schwarzii* Backeberg 1960:2032 pro syn.
  = Echinocereus radians.
Echinocereus schwarzii Lau 1982:27-29.
TL: Mexico, Durango, near Guenacevi, 1800-2100m, Lau 1305
(POM).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus adustus var. schwarzii (Lau) Taylor 1985a:268.
Echinocereus adustus ssp. schwarzii (Lau) Taylor 1992:8
Echinocereus sciurus (K. Brandegee) K. Brandegee ex Dams 1904:130.
= Cereus sciurus K. Brandegee 1904:192.
TL: Mexico, Baja California Sur, hills near San Jose del Cabo,
    T.S. Brandegee, April 1897 (UC).
Echinocereus sciurus var. floresii (Backeberg) Taylor 1985b:115
= Echinocereus floresii.
Echinocereus sciurus ssp. floresii (Backeberg) Taylor 1997:10
= Echinocereus floresii.
Echinocereus sciurus var. floresii fa. townsendianus* Parker 1996:5 nom. nud.
= Echinocereus townsendianus*

Echinocereus scopulorum Britton & Rose 1922:30-31.
TL: Mexico, Sonora, near Guaymas, Rose et al 12570, 10 March
1910 (US).
Synonym:
Echinocereus pectinatus var. scopulorum (Britton & Rose) Marshall 1955:61.
Echinocereus scopulorum ssp. pseudopectinatus Blum & Langein Blum et al. 1998:342.
= Echinocereus pseudopectinatus.
*Echinocereus serpentinus Lemaire= Nyctocereus serpentinus.
Echinocereus setosus* Hort. ex Taylor 1988:76 pro syn.
  = Echinocereus freudenbergeri.
Cereus similis* Regel & Klein 1860:29. according to Hemsley 1880:546, but not found on that page.
Perhaps  this is the same as Cereus similis Meinshausen 1858 in Wochenschrift für Gärtnerei und
Pflanzenkunde
1:29.
TL: Mexico, Karwinsky (?)
*Echinocereus spachianus Rümpler= Echinopsis spachiana.
*Echinocereus spinibarbis Salm Dyck= Eulychnia spinibarbis.
Echinocereus spinibarbis* Haage 1900:161 nom. nud.
Echinocereus spinibarbis* Hildmann ex Fobe 1911:58 nom. illegit.
  (later homonym).
Echinocereus spinigemmatus Lau 1984:248-250.
TL: Mexico, Jalisco, near San Andres Cohamiata, 1600m, Lau
1246, 25 Apr. 1974 (ZSS AA18- 48).
Echinocereus spinosissimus Walton 1899a:162.
TL: El Paso, Texas.
Note: Usually considered a synonym of Echinocereus dasyacanthus.
Echinocereus spinosus* Coulter ex Schelle 1926:174 pro syn.
  = Echinocereus pectinatus var. armatus.
*Echinocereus splendens Lemaire
  = Nyctocereus splendens.
Echinocereus standleyi Britton & Rose 1922:24.
TL: New Mexico, Sacramento Mtns.,100 miles north of El Paso,
S. L. Pattison (US).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. standleyi (Britton & Rose)Orcutt ex Weniger 1969:37.
Echinocereus viridiflorus fa. standleyi* Parker 1996:3 nom. nud.
Echinocereus steereae Clover 1938:565-567.
TL: Texas, Chisos Mtns., Mrs Lois Steere (MICH).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus dasyacanthus var. steereae (Clover) Marshall 1945:115.
Echinocereus pectinatus var. steereae* Rümpler ex Weniger 1970:32 pro syn.
Echinocereus dasyacanthus fa. steereae* Parker 1996:2 nom. nud.
Echinocereus stoloniferus Marshall 1938:159-160.
TL: Mexico, Sonora, Mountain facing Rancho Guirocoba, 5000ft,
  Bristol & Marshall, 19 Mar. 1935 (DS 251176).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus subterraneus* Hort. ex Bailey 1941:271. pro. syn.
Echinocereus stoloniferus var. tayopensis (Marshall) Taylor 1985a:258
= Echinocereus tayopensis.
Echinocereus stoloniferus ssp. tayopensis* (Marshall) Pichler 1994:103-106. nom. inval.
  = Echinocereus tayopensis.
Echinocereus stoloniferus ssp. tayopensis (Marshall)Taylor 1997:10
= Echinocereus tayopensis.
Echinocereus stramineus (Engelmann) Engelmann ex Seitz 1870:11.
= Cereus stramineus Engelmann 1856:282.
[fuller description Engelmann 1859:35, t. 46]
TL: Texas, Mtns near El Paso, Wright, 1851 (MO).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus enneacanthus var. stramineus (Engelmann) Benson 1969d:127.
Note:Usually cited as Echinocereus stramineus Engelmann ex Rümpler 1885:797.
Echinocereus stramineus var. conglomeratus (Blanc) Bravo 1974:47
  = Echinocereus conglomeratus.
Echinocereus stramineus fa. conglomeratus* Parker 1996:3 nom. nud. 
  = Echinocereus conglomeratus.
Echinocereus stramineus var. major* Haage 1897:13 nom. nud
Echinocereus stramineus var. major* Schelle 1907:136 nom. nud.
Echinocereus stramineus var. major-aureispina* Fric 1924:121 nom. nud.
Echinocereus stramineus var. occidentalis Taylor 1988:70-71.
TL: Mexico, Durango, southeast of La Cuesta, 140 km north of city
of Durango, on volcanic rocks, 1400-1450 m., N.P. Taylor 240b,
1 July 1986 (MEXU).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus stramineus ssp. occidentalis (Taylor) Taylor
1997:10
Echinocereus stramineus ssp. occidentalis (Taylor) Taylor 1997:10
= Echinocereus stramineus var. occidentalis.
Echinocereus stramineus var. parkeri* Seed list 1996 – British Cactus
    and Succulent Journal. = Echinocereus parkeri.
Echinocereus stramineus var. ruberrimus* Fric 1924:121 nom. nud.
Echinocereus stramineus var. spinarosa* Fric 1924:121 nom. nud.
Echinocereus strausianus Haage ex Quehl 1900:70-71.
TL: Texas.
Note: Usually considered a synonym of Echinocereus viridiflorus var. cylindricus.
*Echinocereus strigosus Lemaire = Echinopsis strigosa.
Echinocereus subinermis Salm-Dyck ex Scheer 1856:291.
TL: Mexico, Chihuahua, Potts (?).
Synonyms:
Cereus subinermis (Salm-Dyck ex Scheer) Hemsley 1880:546.
Echinocereus subinermis var. aculeatus Unger 1984:164.
TL: Mexico, Chihuahua, Rio Batopilasnear la Bufa, 700m, Unger, 
1980 (ZSS AA50- 70).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus subinermis fa. aculeatus* Parker 1996:4 nom. nud.
Echinocereus subinermis fa. aculeatus* Parker 1996:4 nom. nud. 
  = Echinocereus subinermis var. aculeatus.
Echinocereus subinermis var. luteus (Britton & Rose) Knuth in
Backeberg & Knuth 1935:312
= Echinocereus luteus.
Echinocereus subinermis fa. luteus (Britton & Rose) Krainz 1967:51
= Echinocereus luteus.
Echinocereus subinermis var. ochoterenae Unger 1984:164
  = Echinocereus ochoterenae.
Echinocereus subinermis ssp. ochoterenae (Ortega) Taylor 1997:10
    = Echinocereus ochoterenae.
Echinocereus subterraneus* Hort. ex Bailey 1941:271 pro syn.
  = Echinocereus stoloniferus.
Echinocereus subterraneus* Backeberg 1960:2012 nom. inval. 
(no type designated).
TL: Mexico[See Echinocereus sanpedroensis].
Echinocereus tamaulipensis* Fric 1926:441 nom. nud.
[probably = Echinocereus pectinatus var. tamaulipensis].
Echinocereus tamaulipensis (Werdermann) Lange 1995:139- 140.
= Wilcoxia tamaulipensis Werdermann 1938:86.
TL: Mexico, Southern Coahuila, Hummel s.n. (B).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus poselgeri fa. tamaulipensis* Parker 1996:6  nom. nud.
Echinocereus tamaulipensis ssp. deherdtii Lange 1995:140–141.
TL: Mexico, Coahuila, El Sol, JE (Herbarium Hauskneckt Jena).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus poselgeri var. waldeisii fa. deherdtii* Parker 1996:6 nom. nud.
Echinocereus tamaulipensis ssp. waldeisii (Haugg) Lange 1995:142
= Echinocereus waldeisii.
Echinocereus tayopensis Marshall 1956a:78-80.
TL: Mexico, Sonora, Rancho Saucito, between Bacadehuachi &
Nacori Chico, 3500 ft (29º42′N 109º04′W), D. Gold & H.
     Sanchez-Mejorada(DES).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus stoloniferus var. tayopensis (Marshall) Taylor 1985a:258.
Echinocereus stoloniferus ssp. tayopensis (Marshall) Pichler 1994:103-106.
Echinocereus texensis Jacobi 1856:110. [not Runge 1894].
TL: Texas.
Note: This name is usually considered a synonym of Echinocereus
caespitosus.
Echinocereus texensis* Runge 1894:61-62 nom. illegit. 
(later homonym). [See Echinocereus rungei.]
Echinocereus thurberi* Monatschrift für Kakteenkunde 3:153
error for Cereus thurberi.
Echinocereus toroweapensis (Fischer) Fuersch1993:266-268
  = Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. toroweapensis.
Echinocereus townsendianus* Heyer 1989:26 nom. nud. 
  [a form of Echinocereus floresii].
Echinocereus thwaitesii* Schumann 1897:290 nom. nud.
Echinocereus trichacanthus Rümpler 1885:799.
TL: unknown
*Echinocereus trichacanthus Engelmann ex Haage 1893:23
= Cephalocereus nobilis.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus Engelmann 1848a:93.
TL: New Mexico, Wolf Creek, Wislizenus (MO).
Synonyms:
Cereus triglochidiatus (Engelmann) Engelmann 1849:50.
Echinocereus paucispinus var. triglochidiatus* Schumann1897:281 nom. illegit.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. acifer (Jacobi) Bravo 1978:66
= Echinocereus acifer.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. arizonicus (Orcutt) Benson 1969a:21
= Echinocereus arizonicus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. coccineus (Engelmann) Engelmann ex 
  Marshall & Bock 1941:117
    = Echinocereus coccineus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. gonacanthus (Engelmann & Bigelow)
Boissevain 1940:36
= Echinocereus gonacanthus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. gurneyi Benson 1969d:126.
TL: Texas, Brewster Co., igneous rocks south of Marathon, Correll
& Benson 16,488 (POM).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus coccineus var. gurneyi (Benson) Heil & Brack1988:26.
Echinocereus coccineus ssp. gurneyi * Blum 1997 Seed List nom. nud.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. inermis Arp 1973:132-133
= Echinocereus coccineus var. inermis.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. hexaedrus (Engelmann & Bigelow) Boissevain 1940:36
= Echinocereus hexaedrus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. melanacanthus (Engelmann) Benson 1944:254
    = Echinocereus coccineus var. melanacanthus.
Note: This is the name used by Benson for Echinocereus  coccineus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. melanacanthus fa. inermis* Alabaster 1994:105 nom. inval. 
    = Echinocereus coccineus var. inermis.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. mojavensis (Engelmann & Bigelow)  Benson 1944:255
    = Echinocereus mojavensis.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus ssp. mojavensis (Engelmann & Bigelow) Blum & Lange in
Blum et al. 1998:362.
    = Echinocereus mojavensis.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. mojavensis fa. inermis (Schumann)  Ferguson 1989:219
= Echinocereus coccineus var. inermis.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus ssp. mojavensis fa. inermis (Schumann) Blum in Blum et al. 1998:365.
= Echinocereus coccineus var. inermis.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. multicostatus (Cels ex Rümpler) Marshall 1953:67
= Echinocereus multicostatus Cels ex Rümpler 1885:834.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. neomexicanus (Standley) Standley ex Marshall & Bock 1941:118
= Echinocereus neomexicanus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. neomexicanus fa. rosei* Blum 1990:12. pro syn. 
    = Echinocereus rosei.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. octacanthus* Mühlenpfordt ex Marshall & Bock 1941:118
   nom.invalid.   = Echinocereus octacanthus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. pacificus (Englemann ex Orcutt) Engelmann ex
   Marshall & Bock 1941:118  = Echinocereus pacificus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. paucispinus (Engelmann) Engelmann ex Marshall & Bock 1941:118
    = Echinocereus paucispinus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. polyacanthus (Engelmann) Benson 1944:253
    = Echinocereus polyacanthus.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. rosei (Wooten & Standley) Marshall 1950:63
= Echinocereus rosei.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus var. toroweapensis Fischer 1991:195.
TL: Arizona, Mohave Co.,Toroweap Point, 1340 m, P.C. Fischer 7196 (ARIZ).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus toroweapensis (Fischer) Fuersch1993:266-268.
Echinocereus triglochititus* Engelm. ex Haage 1900:162. nom. nud.
[probably an error in spelling for Echinocereus triglochidiatus].
Echinocereus trockyi* Fric 1918(8) [in advertisement] nom. nud.
Echinocereus tuberculatus* Hort. ex Haage 1900:162 nom. nud.
Echinocereus tuberosus* Poselger ex Rümpler 1885:783 nom. illegit.
  = Cereus tuberosus Poselger 1853:135 non Pfeiffer.
= Echinocereus poselgeri.
Echinocereus tulensis Bravo 1973:110-111.
TL: Mexico, Tamaulipas, 1 km. south of Tula Junctionon highway
between Huizache & Juamave, Sanchez-Mejorada 2085, 4 May
1973 (MEXU).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus cinerascens var. tulensis (Bravo) Taylor 1988:69.
Echinocereus cinerascens ssp. tulensis (Bravo) Taylor 1997:8.
Echinocereus twaitesii* Hort. ex Haage 1892:119 nom. nud.
Echinocereus uehri Blanc 1888:40.
TL: unknown
Echinocereus undulatus* Hildmann ex Schumann 1895:124 pro syn. 
  = Echinocereus cinerascens.
Echinocereus uspenskii Blanc 1888:40.
TL: unknown
Synonyms:
Echinocereus enneacanthus fa. uspenskii* Parker 1996:2 nom. nud.
Echinocereus uspenskii* Haage 1900:162 nom. illegit. (later homonym).
Echinocereus utahensis* Köhres Cat 1984. nom. nud.
Echinocereus vatteri* Botzenhart Kakteen und andere Sukkulenten
1968 front cover nom. nud. = Echinocereus viereckii.
Echinocereus viereckii Werdermann 1934:188-189.
TL: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Mtns. between Juamave & Cd. Victoria,
1500-2000m.
Echinocereus viereckii ssp. huastecensis Blum, Lange & Rutow in
Blum et al.1998:156-157.
TL: Mexico, Nuevo Leon, Rayones Canyon, 15 km west of federal
highway 85 on state road 6, Taylor 192,9June 1986 (K)
Echinocereus viereckii var. morricalii (Riha) Taylor 1985b:93
= Echinocereus morricalii.
Echinocereus viereckii ssp. morricalii (Riha) Taylor 1997:10
  = Echinocereus morricalii.
Echinocereus virickii* White 1948:288 nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelmann 1848a:91.
TL: New Mexico,Wolf Creek, Wislizenus 514, (MO 2016902).
Synonyms:
Cereus viridiflorus (Engelmann) Engelmann 1849:50.
Echinocereus labouretii* Förster ex Rümpler 1885:811 pro syn.
Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. var. canus A.M.Powell & Weedin (2004),
Cacti Trans-Pecos 273 (-276; plates 171-172, map 36).
TL: Presidio Co., Solitario, S-facing crest of a novaculite ridge, c. 4847ft,  A.M.Powell & S.A.Powell 6012 (SRSC)
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. centrispinus* Bailey 1941:271 nom.  nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. chloranthus (Engelmann) Backeberg 1960:2015
= Echinocereus chloranthus.
Echinocereus viridiflorus fa. chloranthus (Engelmann) Krainz 1967:51
= Echinocereus chloranthus.
Echinocereus viridiflorus ssp. chloranthus (Engelmann) Taylor  1997:10
= Echinocereus chloranthus.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. chrysacanthus*  Schelle1907:129 nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. correllii Benson 1969d:128.
TL: Texas, Brewster Co., above Ft. Peña Colorada, 4 mi. south
of Marathon,4100 ft., Benson & Correll 16485, 4 Apr. 1965.
(POM317079).
Synonyms:
       Echinocereus viridiflorus ssp. correllii (Benson)Blum & Lange  in Blum et al. 1998:198.
Echinocereus viridiflorus ssp. correllii (Benson)Blum & Lange in  Blum et al. 1998:198.
=Echinocereus viridiflorus var. correllii
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. cylindricus (Engelmann) Engelmann
  ex Rümpler 1885:812.
= Cereus viridiflorus var. cylindricus Engelmann 1856:278.
TL: Texas, Valley of Limpia Creek, Wright, 11 June 1851
(MO 2016904).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus chloranthus var. cylindricus (Engelmann) Taylor 1984:169.
Echinocereus viridiflorus ssp. cylindricus (Engelmann) Taylor 1991:10.
Echinocereus chloranthus ssp. cylindricus  Blum & Lange  in Blum et al. 1998:205.
Note: Echinocereus strausianus is usually considered a synonym of this variety.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. davisii (Houghton) Marshall & Bock 1941:119
 = Echinocereus davisii.
Echinocereus viridiflorus fa. davisii (Houghton) Krainz 1967:51
= Echinocereus davisii.
Echinocereus viridiflorus ssp. davisii (Houghton) Taylor 1997:10
= Echinocereus davisii.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. elongatus* Hort. ex Backeberg 1962:3847 nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. faciliflorus* Hildmann ex Schelle 1907:129 nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. gracilispinus Hort. ex Rümpler 1885:814.
TL: unknown
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. intermedius* Backeberg 1960:2015
nom. inval. (no type designated).
Note: This plant is said to be from Texas.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. longispinus* Schelle 1907:129 nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. major* Maas 1906:142 nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. minor* Engelmann ex Weniger 1970:14  nom. nud. 
    = Cereus viridiflorus var. minor* Engelmann 1856:278 which is a new name for Echinocereus
viridiflorus
var. viridiflorus.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. montanus* Künzler Catalog nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. neocapillus Leuck 1980:35-36
= Echinocereus chloranthus var. neocapillus.
[The validity of this publication is questionable].
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. ruberrimus* Fric 1924:121 nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. rubrus* Fric 1924:121 nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. russanthus (Weniger) Leuck 1980:34
= Echinocereus russanthus.
[The validity of this publication is questionable].
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. sanguineus* Rgl. ex Schelle 1907129 nom. nud.

    [perhaps the same as Echinocereus sanguineus].
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. standleyi (Britton & Rose) Orcutt ex Weniger 1969:37
    = Echinocereus standleyi.
Echinocereus viridiflorus fa. standleyi*. Parker 1996:3 nom. nud. 
  = Echinocereus standleyi.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. tuberculosus* Orcutt 1926:4 nom. nud.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. tubulosus* Heller 1900:8 nom. illegit.
= Cereus viridiflorus var. tubulosus* Coulter 1896:383
new name for Echinocereus viridiforus var. cylindricus.
Echinocereus viridiflorus var. weedinii Leuck 1980:37-39
[The validity of this publication is questionable].
TL: Texas, Jeff Davis Co., top of Timber Mtn. , 6400 ft., Leuck
& Weedin 193, 13 May 1978 (OKL).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus chloranthus var. livermorensis* Kolle 1978:34 nom. inval.
(not published in printed form)
Echinocereus russanthus var. weedinii* Mesa Garden Seed  Catalog 1996 nom. nud.
Echinocereus chloranthus ssp. weedinii* Höchstätter Seed    List 1997 nom. nud.
Echinocereus russanthus ssp. weedinii Leuck ex  Blum & Lange  in Blum et al. 1998:214-216.
Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. var. weedinii ( Leuck ex W.Blum & Mich.Lange ) A.D.Zimmerman 2004,
Cacti Trans-Pecos 270. 2004.
Echinocereus waldeisii Haugg 1994:6.
TL: Mexico, San Luis Potosi, west of Tula, Huizache, D. Waldeis,
1988(WU).
Synonyms:
Echinocereus tamaulipensis ssp. waldeisii (Haugg) Lange 1995:142.
Echinocereus poselgeri var. waldeisii* Parker 1996:6 nom. nud.
Echinocereus webeserii* Pavey 1979: n.p. nom. nud.
[Apparently a form of Echinocereus baileyi].
Echinocereus websterianus Lindsay 1947:153.
TL: Mexico, Gulf of California, San Pedro Nolasco Is.,
Lindsay & Bool 498, 25 Feb. 1947 (DS314191).
Echinocereus weinbergii Weingart 1912:83.
TL: North America [This plant has been relocated near Sombrerete, Zacatecas, Mexico]
Synonyms:
Echinocereus pulchellus var. weinbergii (Weingart) Taylor 1985a:272.
Echinocereus pulchellus ssp. weinbergii B(Weingart) Taylor  1997:9.
Echinocereus weinbergii var. albispinus* Hort. ex Schelle 1926:175 nom. nud.
*Echinocereus whipplei var. heilii
Spelling error for Echinocactus whipplei.
Echinocereus winterianus* Kunzmann 1985:79. nom. nud.
Echinocereus yavapaiensis Baker 2006:79.
  TL: 7km NNW of Crown King, Yavapai County, Arizona.
   Baker & Lisenby 13723 (ASU238488)
Echinocereus zuniensis* Eng. & Big. ex Haage & Schmidt 1918 nom.
   nud. In advertisement opposite p. 74 Monatsschrift für
    Kakteenkunde.28(7). = Echinocereus mojavensis var. zuniensis.
Las Cruces, New Mexico 1 May 2006. Permission to copy or reprint
for noncommercial purposes is granted.

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